Milk, Lactose and Tolerance - Already an Issue 7,500 Years Ago
Humans have only been drinking animal milk for a good 7,500 years. For a long time before that, it was not possible to make milk drinkable for humans. There was a lack of refrigeration, knowledge of hygiene and he also had to struggle with lactose intolerance. Humans were intolerant to milk, the lactose in the milk was responsible. As a result, this raw milk was not suitable for direct consumption. Therefore, many thousands of years ago, the milk was usually only heated and processed into cheese - sugar-free! The lactose persistence has spread only through a gene mutation in Southeastern Europe and the milk was drinkable for humans.
Source: Johannes Gutenberg Universität Mainz
The Monks and the Milkman
At that time and also in the later Middle Ages, when the monks had professionalized milk processing more and more, so to speak, the needs of the population could be met. It was only later that farms with a larger production of milk for trade were established. Even the profession of milkmen came into being and households had fresh milk delivered to their doorstep - always the same product with consistent quality. Nowadays, you are spoiled for choice in front of the refrigerated shelf. There are milk varieties in all variations, with the most diverse fat contents, shelf lives, flavors and plant-based milk alternatives, e.g. from soy, almond, coconut or oats. Due to new technologies, there are hardly any limits to the production of dairy products.
Source: Molkerei Weihenstephan
Sales Increases With Dairy Products? All Organic, or What?
The dairy market is big, milk producers fight for the best place in the refrigerated shelf, almost every month there is a new product that 'perks up tired men' - and much more perky! The dairy market and its marketing are creative. High sales increases are usually only achieved through new lifestyle products. This includes all varieties of organic dairy products. A product with the organic seal of approval suggests quality already in animal husbandry, feed and production. Despite higher prices, demand for organic products remains high. Everyone wants to take advantage of this!
The Organic Boom and Its Effects
Organic is already a billion-dollar market. A large number of conventional milk suppliers suddenly became organic, helping discounters meet consumer demand. In Germany alone, the industry is already asking, "Where does all this organic milk come from?"
So it stands to reason to take a closer look, to research, to examine, to analyze. It is suspected that many products are 'stretched' or even faked. Everyone wants to participate in this billion-dollar market - manufacturers must protect themselves, ensure the authenticity and quality of their own goods.
Food scandals in Russia - and the way to a better image
Milk is one of the most counterfeited food products: after olive oil, fish, organic food, even before cereals, honey, coffee and tea. Food counterfeiting also increased in Russia. Numerous food scandals with mass product recalls damaged the image. This was one of the reasons that Russia opted for a large-scale anti-counterfeiting program - Chestny ZNAK ('Honest Mark'), a national digital track & trace system.
Source: Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung (bpb)